Notion of the World

Month: April, 2012

Students Fighting for Their Rights in Malaysia

The Malaysian coalition government Barisan Nasional (BN) is struggling with the nation’s somewhat 40-year-old law, prohibiting students to participate in political parties. Some weeks ago the government tried to comply with the student’s wishes concerning their rights to join in political parties and similar organizations.

The law enacted in 1971 explicitly says that students are prohibited from expressing sympathy, support or opposition to any political party. Malaysia achieved independence from the British Empire in 1957.

Incidents have been documented where Universities have fined and expelled students for having performed political activities. Most students don’t seem to be interested in politics because of risk of getting expelled.

The students aren’t satisfied with the government’s attempt to loosen the grip on the students. By this new amendment it will still be illegal for students who hold political posts to perform political activities on campus. The Universities will also be able to prevent students from joining “unsuitable” organizations. Statistics show that students getting fined or similarly punished are those who obtain the same beliefs as the governmental opposition.

Photo by inseltoffy

Photo source: flickr


Women’s Progress in Bangladesh

In one of the poorest countries and the eighth largest country, measured by population, in the world women tend to work and educate their way out of poverty. Women hold 19.7 percent of the seats in the Bangladeshi Parliament. In the British House of Commons the percentage is 22.3.

Bangladesh gained their independence in 1971 from Pakistan after a rather bloody civil war. According to Bangladeshi sources, 200.000 women were raped and approximately 3 million people were killed. The result of the war was Bangladesh’s independence and a lot of widowed women.

A development project carried out by the local government helped roughly 24.400 women to get jobs etc. The UN and the European Union financed the project. These improvements for women in Bangladesh have led to expanded access to health care and education. Single mothers can now afford to send their children to school.

The expansion of educational possibilities has contributed to a decrease in births by teenage mothers. In the year of 2000 130.5 per 1,000 gave birth in their teen years. In 2010 the number dropped to 78.9 per 1,000. In India the number is 86.3 per 1,000.

Bangladesh is primarily Muslim and compared to many other Muslim countries Bangladesh is in a leading position when it comes to implementing women in the workforce and in the universities. Exceptionally in a Muslim country the Prime Minister is a she. Sheikh Hasina (PM) is a role model for this female development where the Bangladeshi government even established an all-women university.

Photo by Ahron de Leeuw

Photo source: flickr

Preventing Technological Development

Over the last couple of decades it’s been possible to communicate via the Internet. Skype made it possible to see each other when talking on the computer. Viper made it possible to talk on your phone via the Internet. As the rapidness of the Internet gets more accessible for the masses around the world it’s very likely that that telecommunicating operators have to change their game plans.

With the introduction of the 4G net it’s getting even easier and better to reach and talk for as-long-as-you-like via the Internet. But the development in this Internet based – operator free area of business is rather slow.

The telecommunicating operators, who send the signal and sells the subscriptions, are likely to loose their core businesses if the ‘old fashion’ masts are getting unusable. So it is most unlikely that the companies are going to give you a good offer on a subscription free smartphone in the near future. Eventually the operating companies have to give in to the consumers need for better and faster Internet and telephone connection.

Experts say that all communication over the mobile phone will be via the Internet within the next ten years or so.

Photo by Zigazou76

Photosource: flickr

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